Symptoms of Vitamin Shortage
As vitamins exist important for having a healthy body, not getting an adequate amount can cause harm. This only occurs, however, when your body has very low vitamin levels, thus, a deficiency. And this is why supplements are taken to bring the level of vitamins up to the standard level. Let’s take a closer look at each of the essential vitamins’ deficiency symptoms:
Good for general growth, including maintaining healthy eyes, skin, and teeth, the recommended daily level of this vitamin is 1,500 micrograms or 5,000 IU. Symptoms of deficiency are scaly scalp and skin; dry skin and eyes, besides possible eye problems; night blindness; infertility and difficulty to conceive; delayed growth; spine, chest, lungs, and throat infections; poor healing of wounds; bad hair quality; and, acne and pimple breakouts.
Commonly known as thiamine, this vitamin is a vital nutrient that every tissue in the body needs to function. Recommended daily level is two mg daily, it’s symptoms of deficiency include depression; loss of desire for food, beriberi; gradual or sudden fatigue; slow heartbeat; irritability; gastric disorders; reduced reflexes; breathlessness; tingling feeling in the legs and arms; muscle weakness; blurry vision; nausea; and, vomiting.
Recognized as riboflavin, this vitamin’s recommended daily level is two mg daily as it’s involved in the body’s vital metabolic activities and necessary for vigor. The symptoms of deficiency in this vitamin are slow growth; skin’s cracking and dryness around the mouth and nose; hair loss; magenta tongue; trembling; skin rashes; dizziness; anemia; insomnia; fatigue and weakness; indigestion; slow brain functioning; and, sore, red or watery eyes, blurred eyesight, and light sensitivity.
Popularly called as niacin, this vitamin has a recommended daily level of 20 mg. It has a broad range of usage in the human body as it helps in the functioning of the skin, besides the nervous and digestive systems. Its deficiency symptoms are insomnia; red or irritated skin; nausea; headaches; leg cramps; fatigue; arthritis; unexplained problems in digestion; depression or anxiety; changes in the capability to concentrate; and, dizziness.
Naturally occurring pantothenic acid or vitamin B5 deficiency in people is very infrequent, except in severe malnutrition vases. Vitamin B5 has a recommended daily level of 10 mg as it’s among the most significant vitamins for life. It is necessary for the creation of blood cells, as well as helping in the conversion of food eaten into energy. Being a member of the vitamin B group, it helps convert protein, fats, and carbohydrates in food consumed into energy. Its deficiency symptoms include fatigue; insomnia or excessive sleepiness; irritability; poor appetite; depression; weak immunity; stomach pains; constipation; vomiting; upper respiratory diseases; and, burning feet.
Pyridoxine or vitamin B6 stays as a reliable vitamin that influences a wide range of bodily functioning from mood to skin condition. The recommended daily level of this vitamin is two milligrams. You may be deficient in this vitamin when you’re having a swollen belly, fingers, and ankles; skin rashes; sensitive to sunlight; sore and cracked lips; anemia; painful and glossy tongue; depression; mood changes; kidney stones; weak immune functioning; low energy level and feeling of tiredness; pain and tingling sensation in the feet and hands; and, seizures.
Cyanocobalamin or vitamin B12, like all vitamin B, is vital for metabolism. Its daily recommended level is five micrograms and deficiency symptoms can be mental or physical, such as apathy; muscle weakness; memory degeneration; tiredness; premature aging; shortness of breathing and heart palpitations; pale skin; smooth, sore tongue; constipation or diarrhea; loss of need to eat; nerve problems; difficulty in walking; and, loss of vision.
Pangamic acid or vitamin B15 is an offshoot of the glycine, an amino acid, that has been described as the body tissues’ oxygenator. 50 mg is its recommended daily level and any shortage of this vitamin can cause premature aging, tingling sensation in the hands and feet; extreme fatigue; weakness; depression or irritability; numbness or strange sensations in the legs, hands or feet; difficulty in walking; anemia; swollen tongue; trouble in reasoning and thinking; and, memory loss.
Amygdalin or vitamin B17 is an innately occurring chemical mix containing nutritional benefits for improving brain and heart, besides preventing certain deficiency illnesses. It’s also stated as a nitriloside. If vitamin B17 rich foods are eaten frequently, the immune mechanisms of the body can naturally fight bad cells.
The recommended daily level is 250 mg, but if such foods aren’t regularly eaten, the immunity is impaired. When this happens, the body cannot naturally prevent the growth of degenerative diseases.
So, supplementation is recommended if the daily intake of watercress; spinach; bamboo, lentil, mung bean, garbanzo, and alfalfa sprouts; whole and ground nuts; as well as apple and apricot seeds, is difficult.
Ascorbic acid or vitamin C isn’t produced by the body, so it can only be taken from the diet and supplementation. For grownups, the RDA or recommended daily amount is 65 to 2,000 milligrams or mg a day. Although excessive vitamin C dietary intake is not likely to be damaging, doses beyond the 2,000 mg limit might cause nausea and diarrhea.
In contrast, a deficiency of this vitamin is indicated by bumpy, rough skin; corkscrew-shaped hair on the body; bright reddish hair follicles; spoon-shaped fingernails having lines or red spots; damaged, dry skin that can easily be bruised; slow healing of wounds; and, swollen, painful joints.
This vitamin helps in the absorption of calcium in the body, and in turn, calcium is needed for the standard development and upkeep of healthy bones and teeth. It also assists maintain proper levels of phosphorus and calcium in the blood. This vitamin can only be taken from sunlight, supplementation, and food.
The symptoms associated with vitamin D deficiency include getting infected or sick often; tiredness and fatigue; back, muscle, and bone pain; depression; impaired healing of wounds; and, bone and hair loss. The daily recommended intake of this vitamin is 400 to 4,000 IU or 10 to 100 micrograms, with the top limit aimed at maintaining the best blood levels.
Vitamin E remains a fat-soluble nutrient that acts by way of an antioxidant once taken from the food consumed. This means that it helps to defend the cells from any damage that may be caused by toxins. These free radicals stand as compounds formed once the body converts the food into energy.
Indispensable to the central nervous structure of the human body, a deficiency causes oxidative stress that can bring about muscle weakness, vision problems, and disorientation. The current daily recommended dietary allowance is 15 mg. If your food intake cannot meet the RDA, then supplementation may help.
Vitamin K holds a key part in assisting the clotting of the blood to prevent excessive bleeding. The gastrointestinal tract’s bacteria of humans naturally make this vitamin, although it may also be taken from foods, such as Brussels sprouts, Swiss chard, romaine lettuce, mustard greens, collards, green leafy lettuce, kale, parsley, spinach, turnip greens, broccoli, and cauliflower.
The recommended daily intake for this vitamin depends on gender and age. Women aging at least 19 years should consume 90 micrograms a day, while men should consume 120 micrograms. A deficiency in this vitamin has the following symptoms: easy bruising; oozing from gums or the nose; excessive bleeding from punctures, wounds, injection, and surgical sites; heavy menstrual days; gastrointestinal tract bleeding; and, blood in stool or urine.